Author: Dr. D N Shankara Bhat
Edition: First Print, 2011
Publisher: Bhasha Prakashana
People are generally confused regarding the relation between speech and writing, and also between the two and language. Because of this confusion, they have developed several mistaken ideas about language. The book explains the nature of these relations.
Language is basically speech and not writing; writing is only an artificial form of speech. Speech is transferred from one generation to the next as part of the development of children. It is therefore able to maintain its liveliness and naturalness.
Writing, on the other hand, is learnt by children as part of their schooling; as time goes on, it tends to become more and more artificial, and gradually loses its liveliness. In order to keep it alive, writers have to be continuously reducing the difference between speech and writing.
People who use writing differ from the ones who do not in their ways of thinking itself. Hence, if only some people in a society are users of writing, there would not be any consonance between the two. If a society has to develop properly, all its members must be users of writing.